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In a publication of the American Statistical Association of 1908-1909, John R. Commons, Professor of Political Economy, provides guidance for the “Standardization of Housing Investigation”. While modern real estate values a property on square footage, John R. Commons takes into consideration the industrial vigor that results from housing, food and occupation. In “War Emergency Construction (Housing War Workers), Report of the United States Housing Corporation”, volumes I, the Department of Labor, Bureau of Industrial Housing and Transportation compares the industrial vigor of skilled workers with the industrial vigor of unskilled workers and provides strategic guidance.
With a demonstration program of 115 units housing, the SAB Center will combine both methods to verify and value new standards of living in order to define the parameters of industrial vigor, taking into consideration the new medias and technologies. By definition, a home nowadays is not only a home. It is an office (remote work), a craft business (selling on Etsy, Amazon, eBay…), a post production studio (streaming on Youtube, Vimeo…) a media center (smart homes), prior to being a living room with a dining room for the family.
With 7 different types of housing, we will define the ideals on each type to design the “dwelling cards” and the “occupants cards” on John R. Commons model. Having defined a model, and the cost of this model accordingly to housing, food and occupation, we will compare with the costs of housing in Los Angeles and specifically with the costs of affordable housing.
Cost database construction softwares are following a speculative method that reflects the inflation on growth housing where prices increase with the “percent change in total housing units“. A census made in 1980 by the US Department of Commerce shows that “Most of the States with the greatest increase in median value were also the States with the largest percent increase in population between 1970 and 1980. Conversely, the slower-growing States were among those with the smallest change in median value. States with the smallest percent increase in median monthly contract rent had high median rent initially in 1970. Large percent increases in rent were most common in States with below-average rent in 1970 and rapidly increasing population during the decade.” In the “State Nation’s Housing” report of 2018, the JCHS provides the maps of the price-to-income ratio between 1980 and 2017. The relation of those two documents covering the evolution between 1940 to 2017 shows that the inflation of wages has always been behind compared to the inflation of housing and since 2000, the phenomenon dramatically increased. The JCHS to conclude that “Homeownership rates among young adults are even lower than in 1988, and the share of cost-burdened renters is significantly higher, with almost half of all renters paying more than 30 percent of their income for housing. Soaring housing costs are largely to blame.”
The two documents from the US Department of Commerce and the JCHS may indeed show that “soaring housing costs” is not the only factor in housing shortage but that other sociological factors may have led to this result. While tenement houses have almost disappeared in the United-States, subletting has become more than an economical constraint. It is a way of living largely encouraged with TV sitcoms where traditional housing is managed by tenants. Tenants define their own subletting criterias and choose their own community, satisfying at the same time the landlord with higher rents and lower risks to cover real estate investments. The subletting industry has maintained and encouraged landlords to increase their growth on housing and turn their initial investments into a full time job.
In a book dated 1919, “The Cost of Living Among Wage-Earners” the author makes a comparison of the costs of food, shelter, clothing, fuel, heat, light, and sundries between 1914 and 1918 in Fall River, Massachusetts. While food increased of 80%, clothing 125%, fuel heat and light 56%, gas 31%, “The Real Estate Owners’ Association voted to increase all rents 20% beginning in August, 1919, and the secretary of the association reported that landlords had very generally put this increase into effect.” In this example, the economy of housing is driven by two factors, the increase of the cost of life and the profession of annuitant, a profession largely motivated by profits to live solely on rents. In “War Emergency Construction (Housing War Workers), Report of the United States Housing Corporation”, volume I, the Department of Labor provides a “Criticism of the Real Estate Plan”, and summarize as this: “The success of the real estate plan depends on speculative profits. (…) there would be constant competitive bidding in each locality for labor and material, with the consequent increase in cost as well as delay in construction.” To limit all forms of speculation on affordable housing, the government provided loans to local housing companies and limited the operations to a strict regulation defined in the report. This regulation will be the business model of the demonstration program to manage the construction, the maintenance and the operation of the village. The SAB Center will design the prototypes, build them and manage their occupancy as a research asset.
- June 1995 – Graduation in Architecture from the School of Architecture of Nantes, France
- June 1988 – Graduation from High School in the department of Applied Arts with the mention from the jury
- 1993 – 1995 – History of the Mediterranean Sea with Pr Denys Lombard at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris.
- 1993 – 1995 – INALCO Langues’O, Paris, in the department of Indonesian language.
- 1988 – 1993 – Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Nantes, France, with two additional specialties in the psychology of children and sociology.
- 1985 – 1988 – High School, Lycée Choiseul of Tours, France, within the department of Applied Arts (Bac F12).
- 1883 – 1986 – Ecole des Beaux-Arts de Tours, France, one half day a week to study drawing for two years and modeling for one year.
- 2005 – 2020 – Consultant
- 2017 – TruDevCo – Las Vegas, USA – Translation from English to French of all the marketing, financial and investment data for 5 Kaktus Life projects.
- 2013 – EIFFAGE – Paris, France – Design of a concept project for a base camp to host the 6,000 workers of a mining company in Halmahera, Indonesia.
- 2007 – IUATLD – Paris, France – Ergonomic webmaster for the harmonization of the international website among the different agencies worldwide, design of the graphic charter and publications within the communication department.
- 2005 – CHF International – Aceh, Indonesia – Financial audits, investigations and shelters meetings at the UNDP along with translations and reports.
- 2005 – French Embassy in Jakarta – Aceh, Indonesia – Sociological survey of an IDP camp and assistance to the French representatives of the Aceh Monitoring Mission on the European efforts for the peace process in Aceh (AMM mission). Writing and translation of all the radio calls for disarmament in Aceh Darussalam, humanitarian assistance to an IDP camp of 732 people in Cot Gue and opening of a humanitarian road in a zone of military conflicts and extreme religious tensions. Few videos of my mission. The opening of the road was inaugurated by a young governmental envoy from Sweden in her visit of the AMM mission for disarmament in Aceh.
- 1995 – 2015 – Designer, Architect – Tours, France
- Single family and multi family housing, commercial buildings and workshops. Few samples of my work:
- 2007 – High insulated single family house with roof gardens, Loches, France.
- 2011 – Multifamily town house, Dreux, France
- 2007 – Single family renovation, Loches, France
- 2009 – Carpentry workshop, Loches, France
- Single family and multi family housing, commercial buildings and workshops. Few samples of my work:
- 1995 – 2015 – Ethno-architect
- Field work
- 2006 – 2015 – France – Research and investigations about the temperate forest and the hardwood industry.
- May to October 2005 – Sumatra, Indonesia – Independent consultant for the CHF International and the French Embassy in Jakarta.
- Avril 1995 – Malaysia – Logistic to cross the Malacca Strait with a model of Batak Toba house to be shipped from Kuala Lumpur to France.
- December 1994 to April 1995 – Sumatra, Indonesia – Ethnographic study of the architecture of the Batak people of Sumatra and making of a traditional Batak house scaled 1/10 with animist carpenters. Logistics to cross Sumatra with the model.
- January 1993 to December 1994 – France – Research in the Musée de l’Homme and Musée Guimet in Paris.
- 1993 – Switzerland – Research at the private archives of Mr Jean-Paul Barbier-Mueller, owner of the Museum Barbier Mueller in Geneva.
- 1993 – Switzerland – Research at the library of the Musée d’Ethnographie de Genève
- 1993 – The Netherland – Study at the archives of the Tropen Museum in Amsterdam
- 1993 – The Netherland – Study at the archives of the KITLV, the Rijksmuseum and the National Herbarium of Leiden
- September 1992, January 1993 – Sumatra, Indonesia – Ethnographic study of the architecture of the Batak people of Sumatra.
- 2 weeks in October 1989 – Czechoslovakia – Study of the architecture of Praha.
- June to September 1989 – Italy – Study of a Palazzo Veneto and a Casa Medievale in Venezia and in Vicenza
- Field work
REVISION OF THESIS
- La responsabilité sociale des entreprises, de la contrainte à l’opportunité – C. Dezitter – Grenoble, France, 2010
- 2nd price for “Innovation in Construction”
CNAM, Paris, France, 2013
I received $42,800 to finance my research on para seismic technologies using woods and fabrics.
- Favorite project
Jeunes Talents, Paris, France, 2013
This price was an honorific price with press conference and meeting in the Ministry of Finance in Paris.
Trophées de l’Innovation
- Arbocentre, Orléans, France, 2013
This price was an honorific acknowledgement for my work on innovative carpentry and forestry.
- 1st price of Concours CREAC
National Association of Accountants, Paris, France, 2011
This price was honorific to acknowledge my research on hardwood technologies and management of the forest. I received $ 5,350 to support my research.
- Favorite project
National Association of Accountants, Paris, France, 2011
I received two prices the same year. This one was among all projects in all categories their favorite for my work on forestry and hardwood technologies.
- CARINNA Incubation
Reims, France, 2010
I received $53,120 to finance my research on the economy of hardwood forestry and pay my patents on hardwood technologies.
- Innovation in construction
CNAM, Paris, France, 1992
I received $ 5,709 to finance my first trip of 4 months in Indonesia. 75% was paid before my trip and 25% after I returned by writing a detailed report. With the 25% and some savings, I financed in 1995 a second trip of 4 months in Indonesia.
- Kodak Young Reporter
Kodak, Paris, France, 1992
Kodak paid all my films for photography and all the developments. After I received this price, local stores in the city of Tours, France paid 75% of my equipment, cameras, recorders, bags, protections to make my first trip of 4 months in Indonesia.
- L’architecture des Batak Toba de Sumatra
- Vol I: Construction Manual
- Vol II: Architectural plans and glossary
- Vol III: History of the saddle roof architecture
- 2020 – Blog on sacred geometry – I publish a study made in 1999 and 2000
- 2020 – Sustainable housing program
- 2018 – Structural study of the Vasconcelos Library
- 2018 – The Name of God
- 2018 – The politics of wood
- 2018 – The economy of wood
- 2018 – Strategy on forestry
- 2016 – An article on Qnergy products
- 2015 – Sustainable carpentry to save the rainforest
- 2014 – Explaining green technologies to a city council
- 2014 – Manifeste pour la filière bois
- 2013 – Innovation explained to guild carpenters
- 2013 – R&D explained to public funds administrators
- 2012 – Spot-41, sustainability explained to a village
- 2012 – Thermal study of a demonstration program
- 2011 – Educational program on geometry
- 2011 – Evaluation of green technologies for a project
- 2009 – Evaluation of a solar plant for a farmer
- 2009 – Solar installation for a farm
Photos | I passed the French qualification QUALIPV on solar photovoltaic installation. in 2013.
- 2008 – Creation of a solar Fluidyne for community gardens
MATERIALS IN MUSEUMS
- Model of a Batak Toba House
During my second trip of four months in Indonesia, I have managed the construction of a model scaled 1/10 of a traditional Batak house. This model was sold to the Musée des Confluences of Lyon, France. Photos.
In 1990 and 1991, I was a soldiers’ god-mother during the first war in Iraq. As a god-mother, I used to write everyday and draw on the envelops that I sent to the troops. My drawings landed in the French head quarters and some of them were later used to explain French patriotism. Some of my drawings were given to the Musée des Invalides in Paris where they are exposed in the patriot’s room. I was the first female cartoonist whose drawings entered the Invalid Museum, steps away from the grave of Napoleon !!!
My book on Batak architecture is archived in Leiden and Amsterdam among museographic resources and the UNESCO made 25,000 copies distributed in all countries, members of the UNESCO.
- 2005 – CHF International – Aceh, Indonesia – Financial audits, investigations and shelters UNDP meetings along with translations and reports.
- 2005 – French Embassy in Jakarta – Aceh, Indonesia – Sociological survey of an IDP camp and assistance to the French representatives of the Aceh Monitoring Mission on the European Mission for the peace process in Aceh. Writing and translation of all the radio calls for disarmament, humanitarian assistance to an IDP camp of 732 people and opening of a humanitarian road in a zone of conflicts.
- IUATLD – Paris, France – 2007 – Ergonomic webmaster for the harmonization of the website among the different agencies worldwide, design of the graphic charter and publications within the communication department.
- Architecture of a campus website
- Workshop with the actors of the wood industry in Vosges, France
- Worshop with the European commission
INNOVATIVE HIGH INSULATED WOOD STRUCTURE
- Initial principles of the system
- Some engineered drawings
- Pictures during the construction
- Evaluation of a solar plant for a farmer
- An article on Qnergy products
- Solar installation for a farm
- Thermal study of a demonstration program
- Evaluation of green technologies for a project
- Explaining green technologies to a city council
- Innovation explined to guild carpenters
- R&D explained to public funds administrators
- Creation of a solar Fluidyne for community gardens
SUSTAINABLE AFFORDABLE HOUSING
- Sustainable housing program
- Spot-41, sustainability explained to a village
- Sustainable carpentry to save the rainforest
THE DIVINE HARMONY OF PI AND PHI IN 2D, 3D AND 4D SPACE TIME
- La Nouvelle Republique – Jeunes créateurs d’entreprise récompensés
- La République du Centre – D’ici 2020, il manquera près de 600 charpentiers et 400 menuisiers dans le Centre
- Arbocentre – Trophées de l’innovation 2013
- UN HABITAT Aceh – Post-tsunami Nias, settlement and housing recovery, Permanent housing brief – Apr 8, 2009
- Les Echos – Sandrine Germain réinvente la charpente antisismique – 14 févr. 2014
- La Nouvelle Republique – Elle conçoit des charpentes à l’épreuve des séismes – 05 janvier 2014
- C’est en Touraine – Dame de Coeur – C’EST EN TOURAINE N°110 MAR/AVR 2014
- Le Moniteur – Mécénat Besnard de Quelen : 250 000 euros attribués à quatre innovateurs de la construction – 13/12/2013
- Les Guides CCI Innover dans les Services – Projet local : Troyes, CST Bois Fibres Acier, La charpente sous-tendue, L’innovation par la Recherche et Développement – 2014
- MECASPHERE – Des assises sous le signe de l’optimisme – Mars 2013
- La Nouvelle République – Du merbau de Sumatra au chêne de Loches – 09/09/2013
- Archiv 57/58 – Verein “Freunde der Völkerkunde” – LIT Verlag Münster – 2007
- Indonesian Houses, Vol II – The University of Michigan – KITLV Press – August 6, 2009
- Indonesian Houses: Tradition and transformation in vernacular architecture – Indiana University – KITLV Press 2003
- Religion and Architecture in Premodern Indonesia, Studies in Spatial Anthropology – G. Domenig · Brill – 2014
- First female cartoonist whose drawings entered the museum of the army within the Invalid Museum in Paris, steps away from the grave of Napoleon. If you know about Napoleon, you know why it is a big step for a woman.
- First woman to travel all alone in the cannibal villages of Batak land, in Indonesia, under a military dictatorship and the biggest Muslim country in the world.
- One of the first very few female ethnographers in the world and as Pr Denys Lombard used to say, the only French expert for this area of the world during the 90s.
- The first volume of the book on Batak architecture is on the ICOMOS « list preparedness – heritage at risk ». 25 years after the writing of my book, it is still the only book of this list on Batak Architecture what represents an area of 67,000 km² North of Sumatra, the equivalent of 15.8% of the state of California. Batak people are about 8.5 millions in the world. It is about the population of the city of New York.
- First woman to raise more than $50,000 funds on an innovative project within all the incubators of France and by 2010, it was the highest fund ever allocated, all categories and genders together.
- First female to patent a technology on carpentry with 33 claims that were all acknowledged as innovative and having a high industrial potential. Among men carpenters it is not certain how many had ever made it to a patent. Scarce are architects to patent and among women inventors, only 23,000 all over the word made it to a patent in 2010. Women are under represented. Women patenting in construction technologies are almost non-existent.
- In 1995, the model of Batak house I made with animists carpenters was bought by the former Guimet Museum of Lyon, nowadays the Musée des Confluences. This is the first carpentry artwork ever made by a female to enter a museum in a work of collaboration where an ethnographer woman had to teach men carpenters the notion of scale and a form of collaboration between 3 different villages to achieve a scientific program.
- First architect to ever win two first prices with an accountant association related to construction technologies and their impact on the society.
- First scientist to ever map prime numbers with a geometry to solve equations with a ruler and a compass. You can find my work on the square roots of numbers and the quadrature of any circles on my blog https://eimablank.com.
Of the many first steps achievement, I never tried to be a role model but I tried to accomplish something that would change the perception that people may have on the society, the dominant role of the History of Europe compared to what Europe would call “primitive tribes”, the ingenuity of traditional knowledge, the role of women in international relations and especially between Christian and Muslim worlds, the role of women to think solutions for the evolution of the society and especially in urbanism, architecture and the ecology of construction.
I still have many goals that take shape with Religious Map. I want to bring architects in from of their responsibilities as public servants. I want to bring “social responsibility” into the duty of an architect. I want to bring more architects into the politics of the city, of the state and the country. I want to bring more women architects into our evolution and especially more religious women who would devote to “good faith architecture” as much as nurses in the past have devoted their lives to “good faith medicine”, a “good faith” representation of a spirituality and a representation of God’s will on Earth. I believe that women have a way to bring their masculine counterparts into a better understanding of the purpose of humanity, why empathy, charity, love, care, patience, pardon, education, equality, fairness, a sense of justice, a sense of freedom, a sense of right maybe so important to build the human tree of life.
Women have the power of beauty to transform what is weak into kindness and they have the power to use this kindness for the common good of the nations. We live in a terrible world that is willing to implode every step of the way until some kind of gentle attention can capture the thoughts and the dreams of the people into the direction of rightness and I believe that women have a spiritual role to play as philosophers, as priests, as humanitarian, as influencers, as politicians, as lawyers and as architects. Architecture is in the heart of human life and women architects shall play this role to revolutionize the profession. This is a goal I am hopping to share with many other women and young children who will once choose their goals in life. I hope that little girls will once see architecture as a better way to achieve their reality, their existence and their impact to change the world into a better place to live.
Very often, we hear of the women who were the first but I dream of the day when we speak of all other women, when being first is not the purpose except than being a leading voice for what courage, perseverance, audacity and knowledge can bring to the community of men and women, all together. We cannot have a first without a second, and then a third and a fourth and all women who come after need as much courage as the first one to remember and to perpetuate a legacy. I dream of this day when we don’t need to be the first, when equal rights grant us legitimacy as a second, as a third, as an member of something bigger than a race for gender equality. Men in 2021 don’t need to be the firsts to be published, to have professorship and have rewards. In 2021, women still have to prove so much merit for little gain and social class disparities are more than any other factors one of the women’ most elusive struggles.
If religious architecture may have a purpose in my eyes, it is to eliminate the social distancing and put humanity, all men and women together, all religions and all politics in front the image of a society that is perfected and that can play a role model in the collective imagination of all kinds of societies, urban, rural, modern, traditionalist to guide the thoughts and the expectations of a people. Progress is in the hope of a better world, but hope only arises by knowing that this world exists even so if only it was an ideal.
Similarly as we would expect from a parent, being a man, a woman, a dog, a cat or an elephant, we have a certain ideal of parenthood. We shall have as much facility to define our ideal of social representations, architecture, governance, and state. We shall be able to define our society with homes, places, spaces for mobility and others for immobility, find a time to pause, to relax, to think, to imagine, to meditate, to share, to guide, to be guided, to be in acceptance of others differences and to find a purpose into the short spent of life that we have with friends, colleagues and families. My goal is to eliminates races, genders and disparities into a kingdom of peace where moments bring as much emotions as a rainbow, a shooting star, a blaze in the sun, a shadow, the reflection of thousand colors and the sound of peace, the soft music of happiness.
My goal with Religious Map is to create those moments, what I call “introspections” and maybe to inspire this ideal of a society. Like a mother cooking a family meal, I am looking for this time when friends and family sit together and after the euphory of meeting together, they unite in the silence of a degustation, they look for the flavors, try to identify the spices, the ingredients, the cooking methods and the colors for serving. I am looking for this moment when imagination surrenders into a glimpse of emotions that I call harmony, the opening of the mind to all senses, all most introverted sensations. It is then humanity that finds itself in the light to appease and tame all cabalistic behaviors. Beauty in architecture does all the rest.